First Look: The $799 Microsoft Surface Pro 3 with Core i3by Anand Lal Shimpi on July 23, 2014 5:15 PM EST
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- Surface Pro 3
Earlier this Summer Microsoft released Surface Pro 3, a fully equipped Haswell ULT based tablet in a chassis that was much more in line with what you'd expect from a tablet. From a hardware standpoint, Surface Pro 3 is the chassis design that Microsoft needed from the very start. If you've ever been tempted by the Surface Pro story, the latest model was bound to push you over the edge.
Unlike previous generations however, Microsoft delivered multiple CPU/GPU options with Surface Pro 3. The device's price range extends both lower and higher than any prior iteration. While the original Surface Pro launched at $899 and $999, the second version offered increased storage options that drove the max price up to $1799. Surface Pro 3 starts at just $799 and can be configured at up to $1949. In our review we were sampled one of the launch versions of the tablet, a $1299 configuration featuring Intel's Core i5-4300U. Until next month the Core i5 models are the only ones available, however starting on August 1st you'll be able to purchase cheaper Surface Pro 3s with a Core i3-4020Y or more expensive versions with a Core i7-4650U.
We just got our hands on the $799 entry level Core i3 configuration and are in the midst of a full review of the device. Battery life testing alone will take a few days, but I wanted to share some of my initial performance data since there is a pretty substantial difference between the Core i3 and i5 models. For a quick refresher, this is what the Surface Pro 3 lineup looks like:
|Microsoft Surface Pro 3 Configuration Options|
|CPU||Intel Core i3-4020Y||Intel Core i5-4300U||Intel Core i5-4300U||Intel Core i7-4650U||Intel Core i7-4650U|
|Frequency Base/Max Turbo||1.5GHz/-||1.9/2.9GHz||1.9/2.9GHz||1.7/3.3GHz||1.7/3.3GHz|
|GPU||Intel HD 4200||Intel HD 4400||Intel HD 4400||Intel HD 5000||Intel HD 5000|
|GPU Frequency Base/Max Turbo||200/850MHz||200/1100MHz||200/1100MHz||200/1100MHz||200/1100MHz|
|Storage||64GB SSD||128GB SSD||256GB SSD||256GB SSD||512GB SSD|
To hit the $799 price point Microsoft went to a 64GB M.2 SATA SSD. Interestingly enough, the CPU doesn't actually save Microsoft any money. The Core i3-4020Y carries the same 1000Ku price as the i5-4300U ($281). The Y at the end of the part number implies a Haswell ULx SKU, the only Haswell type to ship with a SDP as well as a TDP rating. Even using the same workload, the Y-series parts weigh in with a lower TDP than the more typically used U-series parts (11.5W vs. 15W). Given the substantial reduction in chassis thickness, I suspect the Y-series parts may have been a better fit for the design to begin with.
You do give up performance in the process however. Since this is a Core i3 processor Intel disables turbo boost in addition to lowering the base frequency of the chip in order to hit its 11.5W TDP. At 1.5GHz without turbo, peak single threaded performance could be as little as half of the Core i5 models. The GPU performance story is arguably more interesting. Although there's a decrease in max GPU turbo, I wonder if the lower TDP may help improve sustained performance in games. I ran a few tests to see how things change with the move to a Core i3. Let's start with a look at the CPU.
Single/Multithreaded Performance - Cinebench 11.5
One of the benefits of a Surface Pro is the ability to run heavy PC workloads just as well as lighter tablet workloads. The device can behave as a tablet, notebook or even a desktop. We'll start with Cinebench 11.5, an offline 3D renderer that is largely CPU bound. The single threaded incarnation of this benchmark should give us a good look at the worst case scenario performance delta between the Core i3 and Core i5 Surface Pro 3s:
Without the ability to boost above its 1.5GHz base clock, the Core i3-4020Y comes in substantially slower than the Core i5-4300U model. It turns out a 1.5GHz Haswell core is around the performance of a 2.3GHz AMD Piledriver core.
With both cores (and all four threads) active, the gap between the Core i3 and Core i5 parts doesn't really shrink any. It's clear that if you're after running heavier PC workloads on your Surface Pro 3, you'll want to spring for the Core i5.
General Usage Performance - PCMark 8 v2
Cinebench may overstate the difference you'll see between the $799 and $999/$1299 models in regular usage, so we turn to PCMark 8 v2 and PCMark 7 to give us a better look at real world performance differences when running lighter tasks. PCMark 8 v2 runs through a bunch of usage driven application scenarios grouped into home, creative and work usage flows.
From Futuremark's description of the Home test:
"The PCMark 8 Home benchmark includes workloads that reflect common tasks for a typical home user. These workloads have low computational requirements making PCMark 8 Home suitable for testing the performance of low-cost tablets, notebooks and desktops. Home includes workloads for web browsing, writing, gaming, photo editing, and video chat. The results are combined to give a PCMark 8 Home score for your system."
A 20% increase in performance is what the Home suite shows for the i3->i5 upgrade, and that seems fairly reasonable. The Core i3 model ends up performing quite similarly to the original Surface Pro, but in a much more appealing chassis.
Next up is the Creative test:
"The PCMark 8 Creative benchmark includes workloads typical of enthusiasts and professionals who work with media and entertainment content. With more demanding requirements than the Home benchmark, this benchmark is suitable for mid-range computer systems. PCMark 8 Creative includes web browsing, photo editing, video editing, group video chat, media transcoding, and gaming workloads."
The creative suite shows a larger 34% advantage for the Core i5 vs. Core i3. Once again the i3 performs within 10% of the original Surface Pro, but for heavier use cases the Core i5 is necessary if you want Ultrabook/Macbook Air-class performance in a Surface Pro 3.
Finally we have the Work test:
"The PCMark 8 Work benchmark test measures your system's ability to perform basic office work tasks, such as writing documents, browsing websites, creating spreadsheets and using video chat. The Work benchmark is suitable for measuring the performance of typical office PC systems that lack media capabilities. The results from each workload are combined to give an overall PCMark 8 Work score for your system."
Here we see another 33% advantage for the Core i5, and surprisingly enough a pretty similar gap between the Core i3 SP3 and the original Surface Pro. It's really the lighter workloads that will understandably show less of a gap between the i3 and i5.
I'm also including PCMark 7 results which tend to fall in between the PCMark 8 v2 results, here showing a 26% advantage for the Core i5 model.
GPU Performance - 3DMarks
I'll split our look at PC GPU performance into two sections, first let's look at peak theoretical performance using 3DMark. The Core i5-4300U has a 29% higher peak GPU clock compared to the Core i3-4020Y so we could see gains of up to that in any GPU bound scenario.
The heaviest 3DMark 2013 test here is Fire Strike and we see a 27% advantage for the Core i5 vs. Core i3 model. Note that the i3 is still substantially quicker than the original Surface Pro.
In lighter graphics workloads the gap narrows, with the Core i5 model holding a 21% performance advantage over the Core i3. The entry level Surface Pro 3 still delivers substantially better GPU performance than the original Surface Pro.
The Ice Storm test seems to provide a good mix of CPU and GPU bound work for the platforms, which contributes to the largest gap we've seen thus far in our GPU tests of 30%.
Looking at 3DMark 11 there's virtually no performance difference between the two platforms. This ends up being a bit more strenuous of a test, likely forcing the Surface Pro 3 into a thermally constrained situation where GPU clocks can't remain at max for long.
PC Gaming Performance - Dota 2
In our original Surface Pro 3 review I asked Ryan Smith to put together a reasonable Dota 2 benchmark to better illustrate what a prolonged light graphics workload would do to the system. In the end I found that the thermal constraints and default fan profile of Surface Pro 3 can contribute to lower sustained performance vs. Surface Pro 2. Our Dota 2 benchmark did a great job of showcasing a real world scenario where SP3 could be appreciably slower than SP2.
With the Core i3 version I was curious as to whether the better binning and overall power reduction would result in a device that would be able to sustain a higher level of performance for longer than the Core i5 version. I ran the Core i3 model through the exact same Dota 2 workload and came away with some interesting results:
Whereas the Core i5 model couldn't make it through a single run of our test without stepping down in performance, the first run on the Core i3 system came very close to the performance of the Surface Pro 2. Subsequent runs however did drop to performance similar to the Core i5 model, although the i3 is able to sustain higher performance.
My original review sample featured a 256GB Samsung PM851 (an OEM version of the SSD 840 EVO) SSD. The $799 Core i3 model I received features a 64GB SSD, and in my case it's an SK Hynix drive. SK Hynix is a fully vertically integrated NAND and controller manufacturer thanks to its acquisition of Link A Media. The HFS064G3AMNB-2200A in my Core i3 based Surface Pro 3 uses a LAMD 87800 controller like the Corsair Neutron/Neutron GTX and Seagate SSD 600 series of SSDs. Both of those drives proved to be highly consistent performers, even when running in a full state. I'm not sure if all 64GB models will use the Hynix/LAMD drive, but given how little free space is available on the 64GB drive I would hope as many of them are this configuration as possible. After installing my relatively limited suite of tests for this review I had 10GB free on the device, with Windows telling me that another 10.5GB was taken up by things I'd installed.
PCMark 8 v2's storage test gives us a good look at high level performance, and here there's no real difference between the 64GB and 256GB drives:
However this is a bit of an optimistic look, I turned to Crystal Disk Mark to give us a quick idea of peak sequential and random performance:
64GB Hynix SSD (left) vs. 256GB Samsung SSD (right)
Testing over a 4GB span there's clearly a reduction in sequential and random IO performance but both are quite solid on the 64GB model. I don't expect users to store large files on a 64GB Surface Pro 3 so the reduction in sequential read/write speed isn't a huge deal. Overall I'm quite pleased with the performance of the 64GB drive in my i3 sample.
Last but not least, I wanted to look at how the Core i3 would perform in a lighter set of benchmarks we typically run our ARM based tablets through. Surface Pro has always ended up at the top of these tests, but we've never had a Surface Pro clocked as low as the Core i3 SP3. At 1.5GHz this also gives us an interesting look into the IPC comparison between Haswell and Apple's Cyclone cores as the iPad Air runs at a similar frequency (1.4GHz). Do keep in mind that there's a fairly large difference in platform power between a Surface Pro 3 and an iPad Air however.
The light workload js benchmarks end up being great measures of single threaded performance, which is why we see such a substantial difference between the Core i5 and i3 models here. That being said, the i3 based Surface Pro 3 still ends up being faster than any of the traditional ARM tablets. The iPad Air comes dangerously close though.
Kraken tells a similar story, although here we see a larger gap between the i3 based Surface Pro 3 and the iPad Air.
The GPU performance story is no different than in our earlier tests. The i3 model takes a hit, but GPU performance is understandably much better than any other tablet you'd come across.
Subjectively, the entry level Surface Pro 3 feels pretty quick. Even running at only 1.5GHz, a pair of Haswell cores are plenty fast. The real question is whether or not the extra $200 is worth the increase in performance. For anyone looking to use the Surface Pro 3 like a real PC and less like a tablet, the $200 Core i5 upgrade is a wise investment. Lighter tasks and more tablet oriented usage models however may not merit the extra expense. In a lot of lighter tasks we're looking at a 20 - 30% advantage to the Core i5 for a 25% increase in system cost. Ultimately I feel like the increase in storage capacity in addition to CPU performance may be what really justifies the larger expenditure for users who don't necessarily need the extra CPU performance.
The big unanswered question at this point is whether there are any gains in battery life. I'm working on producing that data now and I'll post a follow up once it's complete. Updated: Battery life results are in.
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Jaguar36 - Thursday, July 24, 2014 - linkAll the synthetic benchmarks show significantly higher perfomance for the i5, but the one real test (the DOTA 2 benchmark) shows higher performance for the i3. This seems like a big disconnect, which is going to be more applicable to other games? Can you run some other real life benchmarks?
nevertell - Thursday, July 24, 2014 - linkIt is because the i3 does not have turbo, so it doesn't scale up when the thermal headroom allows it to, so the iGPU can operate at a higher frequency before throttling down. The second run would display both of them running Dota at the same fps.
Shadowmaster625 - Thursday, July 24, 2014 - linkNo discussion at all about the cooling system for the Y model. Specifically, is this version fanless? And if not, WHY NOT? The word "fan" appears only once in this article.
Baron Fel - Thursday, July 24, 2014 - linkTaking out the fan would only cause 10x worse throttling. Why would you want that.
SP3 fan is mostly unnoticeable except in games.
cgalyon - Thursday, July 24, 2014 - linkI would like to see how the temperature measures with sustained usage on the i3 and i5 models (also in comparison with the Pro 2). I used the Pro 2 for a while, but found it regularly got very warm with sustained intense usage (meaning Civ V in tablet mode) and began to throttle and produce errors (such as the screen failing to respond correctly to touch, stuttering, and crashing).
Baron Fel - Thursday, July 24, 2014 - linkYou can see i5 temps in the previous SP3 review. SP2 (chassis) gets about 3C hotter, meaning the CPU is running hotter also.
Hellfish4000 - Thursday, July 24, 2014 - linkWill be watching closely to see if the i7 version throttles as hard as the i5, they cannot market it as a portable gaming machine if the flagship throttles below the i3.
darwinosx - Thursday, July 24, 2014 - linkThe big question is will anyone buy it...answer is no they won't
Microsofts statements of the last few days indicate they have given up on mobile anything.
CaedenV - Friday, July 25, 2014 - linkSo maybe someone can enlighten me as to the attractiveness about the tablet form factor in what is billed to be a productivity machine. Don't get me wrong, I appreciate how difficult it must have been to make, and it certainly looks and feels like a premium device, but I still don't get the usage model.
About the only time this is better than a convertible laptop is if you are literally going to go out and about using it like a notepad... but guess what! For those of us in our early 30s, we have not had to handwrite anything other than our illegible signature since we were in elementary school. I have not hand written anything of substance in probably close to 20 years and can type much MUCH faster than I can write. And now we are expected to start using silly things like pens? Things like notepads are somehow now viewed as relevant? My local Staples does not even carry traditional notepads anymore!
I guess the Surface is great if you just have docking stations at home and work and are trying to pair down to a single device (plus smartphone)... but for me it is still too much of a compromise. For portable use my phone is still best because it fits in my pocket and I don't have to think about it. For gaming and 'real' productivity work then the Surface is still lacking and cannot yet replace my desktop. As a tablet (which is a form factor I just don't get in the first place) it is still too large and heavy (granted it is a huge improvement over the Pro2). As a laptop it still has very little 'lapability', and god help you if you try and use it on the couch laying on your side where there is no nice flat surface for it to stand on.
Maybe in another generation or two it will make sense? I don't know. I looked at the i5 version because I need a laptop for school (and have managed without a laptop for some 5 years now) and it certainly wasn't for me. At the end of the day I found a good deal on a Dell XPS 12 and have been enjoying that. It is a bit heavy if you ever have to actually hold it up and support it's weight for any real amount of time, but as a laptop it works great, and for media consumption on the couch you have a bunch of different ways to make it work for you. And it has a real keyboard which is awesome. Maybe if they came out with a real keyboard dock that the tablet could click into similar to the HP x2 or ASUS T100/300 products then I would be interested and could see it working, but as a tablet with a floppy-hinged keyboard/cover it just does not work for me.
mtalinm - Tuesday, August 5, 2014 - linkno one ever sends you documents to read? or you prefer to read in landscape mode instead of portrait? you never ever need to mark up documents by hand, or sign a form, and send it to someone? really?
buy one and you'll soon become addicted to "flipping" it back and forth from portrait to landscape mode for consumption vs. production.